HISTORY OF ELECTRICITY

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Although hundreds of millions of Americans plug into the electric grid every day, most of us don’t give the history of electricity a second thought. Where those it come from? What’s its story?

When we take a fresh look at electricity, we see that keeping America powered up is actually an amazing feat an everyday miracle. Here is the story of electricity.

In the history of electricity, no single defining moment exists. The way we produce, distribute, install, and use electricity and the devices it powers is the culmination of nearly 300 years of research and development.

Efforts to understand, capture, and tame electricity began in the 18th century. For the next 150 years, dozens of “natural scientists” in England, Europe, colonial America, and later the United States analyzed electricity in nature, but producing it outside of nature was another matter.

HISTORY OF ELECTRICITY
HISTORY OF ELECTRICITY

That didn’t happen on any large scale until the late 19th century. Setting the stage for widespread commercial use of electricity were international researchers engaged in pure scientific research, and entrepreneurial businessmen who made their own discoveries or produced, marketed, and sold products based on others’ ideas.

Benjamin Franklin’s electricity experiments-including his famous kite experiment in 1752-showed just how little we knew about electricity in the era of the American Revolution.

  • In the time since Franklin’s experiments, our grasp of electricity has grown tremendously, and we are constantly finding new ways to use it to improve our lives. One of the first major breakthroughs in electricity occurred in 1831, when British scientist Michael Faraday discovered the basic principles of electricity generations.
  • Building on the experiments of Franklin and others, he observed that he could create or “induce” electric current by moving magnets inside coils of copper wire. The discovery of electromagnetic induction revolutionized how we use energy. In fact, Faraday’s process is used in modern power production, although today’s power plant s produce much stronger currents on a much larger scale than Faraday’s hand-held device. In the era modern power plant, coal has always generated more electricity in the U.S. than any other fuel source. In recent decades, we have seen other sources compete for second place: first hydroelectricity, then natural gas, nuclear power, and natural gas again
HISTORY OF ELECTRICITY
HISTORY OF ELECTRICITY

Prominent contributors to today’s electrically energized world includes:

  • Andre-Marie Ampere (1775-1836), a French physicist who developed the systeme international d”Units (SI).
  • Ferdinand Braum (1850-1918), a German physicist who shared a Noble Prize with Guglielmo Marconi for contributions to the development of radiotelegraphy.
  • Henry Cavendish (1731-1810), a reclusive, unpublished English scientist whose work was replicated several decades later by ohm.
  • Thomas Doolittle, a Connecticut mill worker who, in 1876, devised a way to make the first hard-drawn copper wire strong enough for use by the telegraphy industry, in place of iron wire. The young commercial electric and telephone industry quickly took advantage of the new wire.
  • Thomas A. Edison (1847-1931), the most productive electrical explorer. He invented the electric light bulb and many other products that electricians use or install.

MEANING OF ELECTRICITY

Electricity is a form of energy that can be carried by wires and is use for heating and lighting, and to provide power for machines

It is a set of physical phenomenon associated with presence and motion of matter that have a property of electric charge. In early days, electricity was considered as being unrelated to magnetism. Later on, many experimental results and development of Maxwell’s equations indicated that both electricity and magnetism are from a single phenomenon: electromagnetism. Various common single phenomenon are related to electricity, including lighting, static electricity electric heating, electric discharges and many others.

The presence of an electric charge, which can be either positive or negative, produces an electric charges is an electric current and produces a magnetic field.

When a charge is placed in a location with a non-zero-electric field, a force will act on it. The magnitude of this force is given by Coulomb’s law. Thus, if that charge were to move, the electric field will be doing work on the electric charge. Thus we can speak on electric potential at a certain point in space, which is equal to a work done by an external agent in carrying a unit of a positive charge from an arbitrarily chosen reference point to that point without any alteration and is typically measured in volts.

Electricity is at the heart of many modern technologies, being used for

  • Electric power where electric current is used to energies equipment.
  • Electronics which deals with electrical circuits that involve active electrical components such as vacuum tubes, transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, and associated passive interconnection technologies.

Electrical phenomenon have been studied since antiquity, though progress in theoretical understanding remained slow until the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Even then, political applicators for electricity were few, and it would not be until the late nineteenth century that electrical engineers were able to put it to industrial and residential use.

HISTORY OF ELECTRICITY
HISTORY OF ELECTRICITY

Affordable, reliable electricity is fundamental to modern life. Electricity provides clean, it cools our homes on hot summer days (and heats many of them in winter), and it quietly breathes life into the digital world we tap into with our smartphones and computers.

Ibekwe Cynthiahttp://evergreennewsonline.com
Ibekwe Cynthia .C. is a certified senior reporter/graphic designer/Advert executive at Evergreennewsonline.

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