FAMILY DISINTEGRATION AND EFFECTS ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Family is the smallest, most sensitive and most important social group which is facilitated by the society as a larger and more limited social organization. The family also is a group of people who are related to each other, especially parents and their children.

According to Business Dictionary [N.D], of two or more persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption and having a shared commitment to the mutual relationship.

According to the classification by Wamboldt &Reiss, [1989]; Noller & Fitzpatrick [1993] ‘’ definition of the word family generally fall into three [3] categories: Family structure, task orientation, and transactional process definition’’. Family structure definitions are based on the number of family members, their blood relations and the hierarchy followed.

According to Wamboldt and Reiss, [1989]; family structure definition means the family of procreation [partners and children], relatives by blood or individuals that have established biological or legal legitimacy.

Census [2000] describes the family as an example of households who are related to the householder by birth, marriage or adoption.

Family disintegration refers to the break-up of homes between parents and family. Break-up takes place in so many ways ranging from the extreme case of complete separation between parents who are residing under the same roof. A house is only a living quarter of a physical structure where we come back every day to have rest, but a home comprises of a father, mother and children which is responsive, mobile and unique according to oxford advanced dictionary [8th edition].

FAMILY DISINTEGRATION AND EFFECTS ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
FAMILY DISINTEGRATION AND EFFECTS ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Nevertheless, this study is concerned with the effects of family disintegration on the educational performance of secondary school children. A child is expected to grow-up first in the care of the father and mother who will oversee the child’s morals and ensure that the child acquires the best type of education. The importance of grooming the child with good morals and quality instructions is for good interrelationship for both parents and society starting from birth until the child becomes a full-grown adult. This is a result of the child’s personality emerging and developing in the context of the earliest social relation particularly those involving his immediate.

In the immediate family, the children learn to love, show affection, obey and relate and interact with them. Also as parent carry-out their responsibilities in the family the children also carry out theirs. Parents make corrections and give directions where and when necessary.

However, when misunderstanding emerges and does disrupt the smooth running of the family, the family separates or disintegrates that is, the husband stays away from the wife and the home breaks apart. This affects children because they can stay apart from their parents. When a family breaks up, it is usually difficult for everyone in that family to cope with the situation; moreover, the children are usually the victims. There are powerful reasons to be emphasized on the impact of family breakup on children. For instance, the children are insured, depressed and helpless when they see their parents apart from each other.

In addition, Cherlin (2012:40) posited that it seems likely that the most detrimental aspect in the absence of the father from single-parent families headed by women is not the lack of a male income, one-parent families with two breadwinners. When the economic background of a single parent is low, the child is likely to lack basic academic skills and he/she is likely to be at risk for poorer health care and low nutrition and this could affect the child’s ability to concentrate in classroom activities.

FAMILY DISINTEGRATION AND EFFECTS ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
FAMILY DISINTEGRATION AND EFFECTS ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Family disintegration is the consequence of divorce, adultery, unfaithfulness, poverty, death, polygamy and incapacitation of one or both parents. The implications of a disintegrated family on the child is so serious that it often attracts the scholar’s interest to investigate on it. Basically, whenever a family break-up, the children from such a background suffer in the following areas;

-Illiteracy

-Children Labour and Slavery

-Lack of parental love and care

-Being exposed to diseases

-Child trafficking and abuse

-Deprivation of quality education

-Molestation

Nevertheless, the most essential problem suffered by children from a disintegrated family is the inability and lack of opportunity to acquire quality education. No one takes up that duty of paying the school fees and providing the necessary facilities for such children except by God’s Grace.

However, this study will at the end of this work suggest means and ways of minimizing family disintegration especially as it pertains its impact on a child’s education in Mbaitoli Local Government Area.

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