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DANDRUFF ,ITS CAUSES AND HOME REMEDIES

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Dandruff is a common condition that causes flakes on the skin, But it can be embarrassing and
difficult to treat.
It can result in social or self-esteem problems that as a more severe form of the condition, which includes inflammation of the skin known as seborrhoeic dermatitis.it is very common in skin the condition that nearly all people experience it at some point in their lives regardless of age or ethnicity. It affects not just the scalp, but also the ears, eyebrows, sides of the nose, beard, and less commonly, the central (often hair-bearing) part of the chest. may also be triggered or made worse by poor hygiene and infrequent shampooing and washing. it can also be seen in all ages from babies to the elderly. In infancy, scalp dandruff is commonly known as “cradle cap.” In the teen years, it has been called “druff” for short.

Symptoms


1. Dandruff signs and symptoms may include:
2. Skin flakes on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard or moustache, and shoulders
3. itchy scalp
4. Scaly, crusty scalp in infants with cradle cap
Causes
Dandruff may have several causes, including:
1. Irritated, oily skin
2.A yeast-like a fungus (Malassezia) that feeds on oils on the scalps of most adults.
3.Dry skin
4.Sensitivity to hair care products (contact dermatitis)
5. eczema
But the main cause of dandruff is unknown. Possible causes and associations include increased oil production, skin yeasts, Bacteria have not been found to cause dandruff. Dandruff is not a fungal infection and is not the same as scalp “ringworm,” which is actually a fungal infection called tinea capitis. Dandruff is not contagious. Dandruff may also be triggered or made worse by poor hygiene and infrequent shampooing and washing. The immune system may also play a role in dandruff. Although mild dandruff is a very common condition in many people with a normal immune system, severe dandruff is more common in people with some chronic illnesses such as Parkinson’ s disease or a compromised immune system as in advanced HIV/AIDS.

Home Remedies for dandruff

1. All affected areas including the scalp, ears, face, and chest should also be washed with the therapeutic shampoo.
2. People who shampoo less often (once or twice a week) are usually much more prone to dandruff. Simply increasing shampooing frequency often helps clear mild of dandruff.
3. Skin inflammation may be treated with topical applications of mild
over-the-counter hydrocortisone 1% over two to four weeks. Apply the steroid cream sparingly one to two times a day to the affected skin areas to help decrease inflammation.
4. face and ear dandruff,_ washing the areas with a dandruff shampoo may be very helpful. Avoid oily or heavily oiled hair and skin products, Avoid closely fitted hats, caps, head wraps, or helmets.
5. Eyelid dandruff may be treated with gentle daily applications of baby shampoo, A cotton tip applicator may be used to clean the lash margin while avoiding getting the shampoo directly
into the eyes.
6. Cradle cap in babies may be treated with more frequent scalp washing using baby shampoo, For really thick, stuck-on scalp flakes, a small soft toothbrush dipped in warm olive oil can be used to very gently massage away some of the flakes daily or every other day., Take care not to scrub or aggressively rub the fragile scalp skin.

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