Culture is the art or idea, customs and social behaviour of a particular people or society. Culture is also the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people encompassing language, religion, social habits, music and arts. Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, religion, notion times, roles, spatial relations and concept of the universe.
Further, culture could be said to mean the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits etc. Culture also the way of life of groups of people, meaning the way they do things in a particular set of customs, morals codes and tradition in a specific form, time and place.
For instance, in Nigeria as a whole, we have different types of culture which people practice. In culture, we have a set of patterns of human activities within a community or social group and the symbolic that give significance to such activity. These include customs, laws, dress, architectural style, social standards, religions, beliefs and traditions and other cultural elements.
Culture can be seen everywhere, and it provides a good way to get a quick understanding of it.
EXAMPLES OF CULTURE
The examples of culture can be seen everywhere and provide a good way to get a quick understanding of culture. All these examples of culture are:
- Corporate culture, in this culture at work it is shown in a variety of ways including how people dress, how the offices are designed, how the employees are treated and the way the company interjects its culture into its products service and how it projects itself to its customers.
- In Yoruba land, for example, they have their way of dressing which is called AGBADA for the men, while Buba is the female way of dressing. They also have a particular food they have been known with, which is also called AMALA.
- In Igbo land, they also have their symbolic way in which people identify them with. These are, the Chieftaincy dressing, their female way of dressing is wearing of the wrapper, blouse and head tire. Their notable food is Ofe Egusi, Ofe Olugbu and Akpu (fufu). Etc
- In Hausa land, they also knew with the wearing of Babariga, while their food is known as Tuwo, Kilish and Kunu.
- Culture of diversity: This type of culture signifies accepting peoples different race, genders, sexual orientations and national origins for example:
- The gender of the city staff, local businesses and religions organizations may promote a wide variety of exciting shopping, educational and religions experiences. There might be multiple sports options for citizens of both genders and all ages. The community calendar may be filled with festivals and events that include community members from different races and national origins. The local library may provide informational seminars and research material for citizens born in other countries.
- Popular culture: This means the activities of citizen that generate a particular culture. That is, what you listen to, what you read, what you wear and how you speak are examples of popular culture.
- Foreign culture: This also means visiting a new country for the first of your life, the way people in that country talks or act marvels you. In this case, the language of a country binds together. The citizen of a country can allow for their effective communication, also dialects and assent can help to identify various subcultures within a country.
- High culture and sophisticated taste: This is a culture that relates to the attitudes and beliefs of a group of people as a whole, examples of this kind of culture include:
- Attending art exhibits.
- An appreciation for Opera.
- Enjoying the ballet.
- An appreciation for gourmet food and wine.
- A love of classical music.
Festival is an occasion where there are performances of many firms, plays, pieces of music etc. it is usually happening in the same place every year.
Festivals is also a special occasion when people celebrate something such as a religions event. It is also an expressive way to celebrate glorious heritage, culture and traditions. They are meant to rejoice special moment and emotions in our lives and connect us with our families and backgrounds. They give us a distraction from our day to day exhausting routine of life and give us some inspiration to remember the important things and moment in life. Festivals pass the legends, knowledge and tradition onto the next generation.
EXAMPLES OF FESTIVAL:
- NEW YAM FESTIVAL: In the Igbo language, it is called Iriji ohuru and one of the people that normally celebrate new yam festival in Igbo land are the Mbaise people. These people usually celebrated it in pomp and cultural display. Hundreds of masquerades, dancers in beautiful attires, acrobatic displays and other cultural activities make it one festival that you should not miss. Also chiefs, traditional rulers etc always celebrate it together.
- ARGUNGU FISHING FESTIVAL: This is the alluring dynamics of the festival, the exciting spectators, and the anxious competitors who are ready to jump inside the river to begin their search for the biggest fish extra-ordinary and beautiful.
- OFALA FESTIVAL: The Ofala festival is held in Anambra State where the Obi of Onitsha, Dr Alfred Nnaemeka Achebe and traditional rulers who are adorned in their red caps and rulers regalia with their traditional staffs paints the place red with their parades and display of affluence and power.
- OSUN FESTIVAL: Osun festival is usually taking place in the month of July and August every year. Off to the sacred forest of Osun, one week colourful festival to honour and reverence the river goddess, Oshun of Osun State, people come to adhere to get solutions to their problems.
- LAGOS CARNIVAL: This festival is so colourful. Lagos Carnival is one of the most vibrant festivals in Nigeria. You can feel the excitement in the air even before the carnival kicks off yearly. Travellers are seen travelling from different parts of the world to experience this carnival.
IMPORTANCE OF CULTURE / FESTIVAL
- Culture and festival help us to know people from their way of living.
- Culture and festival enable us to understand people’s ethnic group.
- Through culture and festival, you can know where one comes from, for examples if an Igbo man or woman is among in a congregation or occasion, you will identify him/her through his language, dressing, intonation and accent.
- Culture and festival is important and everywhere you go, both local and international, people do not play with their culture and festival
- Culture and festival make you adjust your behaviour whenever you are in another place or country that is aside from your home.