By Queenta
(Reporter Evergreen Online News Media)
queenta photo

The credible electoral process is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. The election has been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century.

What are Credible elections

Credible elections are indispensable to the establishment and maintenance of democracy. This is because elections, inter alia, provide legitimation for the state and its custodians. In developed liberal and social democracies such as the United States and many European states, elections have been institutionalized as the deus ex machina for fostering competitive party politics, taking stock of the performance of leaders at various levels of the polity-national, state, regional, provincial, county and municipal and ensuring the smooth and orderly transfer of the reins of power.

Voters view

Several studies suggest that voting behaviour in Imo State and Nigeria, in general, is predominantly influenced by some form of identity factors such as political godfatherism, ethnicity, family lineages, religion and other sundry factors. Substantial evidence in the literature supports the view that the average Nigerian is primarily an “identity” voter. In essence, voting in Imo State and Nigerian, in general, is in many cases nothing more than an ethnic census. An individual voter uses ethnicity as the proxy for the expected benefits for voting for a particular candidate. Simply, voting in Nigeria is considered to be largely dependent on primordial forms of identification. Political parties themselves tend to be dominated by ethnic power forces rather than being built on ideological persuasion.

Voters’ reflection on this dual citizenship orientation undermines the democratization process as Nigerians continue to show greater allegiance to their civic republican community. Keywords: Election, Democracy, Electoral violence, Democratic order.
Conduct of free and fair election has been a weighty albatross in Nigeria’s repeated attempts at sustained democratic governance is a fact widely acknowledged.
From the fallout of previous electoral exercises, elections in Imo State and Nigeria are either undemocratically guided or organised to fail or the process and the project privatised by sections of the political class. The inability of the Nigerian state to organise democratic elections is less surprising when we consider the fact that political parties in the country are devoid of internal democracy. Party flag bearers are selected at the whims of the god-father and imposed in the electorate not on the basis of competence, but on loyalty to the god-father to whom the successful political officeholder account for stewardship in cash.

Queenta N. Duru Iruka
A certified Senior Reporter/Advert Executive Evergreennewoline, Creative Writer/Graphic Designer/Political Analysts/ Entrepreneur & Fashionista



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